Tuesday, July 23, 2019
The Nuremberg Main Trials Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words
The Nuremberg Main Trials - Essay Example However, Nuremberg was flawed, to a certain extent, and it is sensible to assume that its imperfections could be the most integral features of it deserving of attention at present. Still, many would believe that there are other features, as well, and that a number of these address undying desires for the triumph of fairness and justice.2 This essay examines the appropriateness of the indictments, the issue of jurisdiction, and general questions of legality with reference to the Ã¢â¬Ëfair trial principleÃ¢â¬â¢ in the Nuremberg main trial. Appropriateness of the Indictments The function of the IMT at Nuremberg was to formally question the Ã¢â¬ËmainÃ¢â¬â¢ German war criminals. IMT had two members from each of the four participating nations, namely, the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. These members would shape various paradigms of criminal law and process.3 The IMT mission was instigated in 1945, as soon as the Committee of Chief Counsels of the four p arties to the London AgreementÃ¢â¬âa declaration that specify the guidelines and law through which the Nuremberg trials were to be carried out-- approved and passed an indictment laying down the criminal acts arraigned against the Ã¢â¬ËmainÃ¢â¬â¢ war criminals.4 The indictment convicted them with four violations: Ã¢â¬Ë(1) common plan or conspiracy, (2) crimes against peace, (3) war crimes, and (4) crimes against humanity.Ã¢â¬â¢5 Common plan or conspiracy The scholars of the Nuremberg Trials claimed that it is crucial to impugn the guiltiest offenders for conniving to pursue the Nazi persecution of the Jews and other acts of violence. Nevertheless, it was not a war misdeed for the nation to perpetrate acts of violence against its own people.6 For that reason, Ã¢â¬Å"[t]he American motives for spinning the dense web of conspiracy to inculpate the Nazi brass is no secret in that the stratagem was essentially intended to procure legal grounds for holding the instigators of th e Nazi movement accountable for the record of Ã¢â¬ËdomesticÃ¢â¬â¢ bestialities against assorted segments of their own population, including the Jewish minority.Ã¢â¬ 7 In view of that, a conspiracy conviction was seen crucial so as to impugn individuals for planning or pursuing a common plan to perpetrate crimes against civilians. The Tribunal took into account the indictment of common plan or conspiracy on the basis of two rationales: first is the blameworthiness of organisations, and second is whether the war criminals had connived to pursue genocide and persecution. The latter rationale was settled under the accusation of Ã¢â¬Ëcrimes against peaceÃ¢â¬â¢.8 The Tribunal, as regards to the accusation of Ã¢â¬ËconspiracyÃ¢â¬â¢, simply deemed: In the opinion of the Tribunal, the evidence establishes the common planning to prepare and wage war by certain of the defendants. It is immaterial to consider whether a single conspiracy... has been conclusively proved.9 Moreover, t he Tribunal resolutely strived to lessen the possible perils to minor collaborators or innocent members which could have stemmed from its judgment to charge four organisations of war crimes.10 As claimed by Professor Schwarzenberger, Ã¢â¬Å"