Saturday, May 11, 2019

Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and Essay

Augustines and Aquinas Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling - Essay ExampleThough the beau ideal has created both scarcely they have different wills and desires (Book XII ).Thomas Aquinas was born in gray Italy in 1225. He was greatly influenced by Aristotle whom he called, the Philosopher. He began his main socio- political work, Summa theologie in 1266. Aquinas, though never contradictory to Augustine, presented a soft and optimistic view of human regime of its affairs.Clearly Influenced by Aristotles philosophy Aquinas attempted recovery of Aristotle in the west. He has presented a milder and more optimistic possible action which does not show intolerance of Augustines stringent unworthiness of the worldly affairs. Aquinas did not find anything molest with the Aristotles humane, rational and ordered world. For him the interest of this world and the next can coexist and it is the certificate of indebtedness of every idiosyncratic to make best of the both these worlds. He respects Augustines other world or heaven but do not find anything in book in attaining this worlds goods and achieving that worlds bounties as and when time comes. He, however, emphasized that the meaningful conception in the former should lead to admit entry in the latter. More than once the reader is laboured to analyze Aquinas effort stating forcefully as to why one should abandon the present living and think of of divine and as well as his treatment to duty and philosophy as separate entities. Aquinas is highly enliven by Aristotles famous maxim men is by nature a political sensual or Man is a social and political animal (4-6). The simple and comparative explanation clarifies Aquinas thinking Animals are provided for their defense and nutrition by the nature while man is not. Animals have thick and dense hairs to withstand harsh weather. Animals also have claws, long and sharp teeth to scare away or destroy their enemies. The food for excerpt is a vailable in plenty for animals. Man lacks these facilities in him but is given power to reason to get these for his existence. But for that the man has to live in companionship with other fellow human. The communication and reason enable man to live in a federation with others of his tribe. Augustines neoplatinism does not believe in earthly politics. His duty is to please the divine and be a citizen of heavenly city. He stated that rules of such a society viz. prohibition and command are counterproductive since these increase desire to break the rule and indulged in sinful deeds (City of God, XIII6). Augustine elaborated that social structure or governance may be indispensable to the well being but not for preservation, of members of society, nevertheless, it was hardly a noble phenomenon or an appropriate object of devotion. According to Augustine the governance led to increase in selfish interest and blocked the deal to attain true and greater good e.g. salvation to the city of god. Aquinas favors governance that since a societal living is necessary for orderly existence there should be some management or governance of society. Augustine also contradicts Aquinas views on society of men and its collective efforts to own natures free bounties or zany these from animals by using his ability to reason and communicate. He prefers that it should be equally available to man and animal and whosoever gets it first should be allowed to have judiciously since that is divine law. Augustines views show extreme disliking

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