Saturday, April 6, 2019
The English Patient Essay Example for Free
The face unhurried EssayIdentity Crisis in Michael Ondaatjes The English Patient Lerzan G?ltekin Atillm University in Ankara, Turkey emailprotected edu. tr Abstract The aim of this paper is to analyze individuation crisis in Michael Ondaatjes The English Patient from a post colonial perspective through the concept of contentism and national identity, emphasizing cultural, psychological and personal displacement due to colonization, travelling, exploration and space / place (cartography), referring to the theories and views of Benedict Anderson, Homi Bhabba, Franz Fanon, Edward Said, and so on. The paper will in the main focus on the erasure of the national identities and selves of a group of European explorers, scientists and spies, including the colonized Kip, an Indian, serving as a bomb defuser in the British Army. Even though these scientists mission is to subprogram the desert, they can scarcely achieve it. The desert is uncontrollable and unreliable because of sand storms. Its surface changes rapidly and wiz can be lost forever.In other words, the desert is the metaphor of their unreliable national identities that argon fragmented and varied because of their traumatic personal xperiences in this alien landscape and culture. The paper will emphasize the fragility of identities and selves unconstipated for those who represent European civilization and Imperial Rule as hegemonic powers together with the colonized Kip who is regulate by these powers as a hybrid identity.Key Words hybridity, nationalism, national identity, postnationalism, space / place The English Patient is a unfermented that seeks to explore the problem of identity and displacement, experienced both by coloniser and colonized. As kn admit, identity is a social construct and largely determined by the relationship betwixt self and other. It is through our sense of identity that we identify ourselves as members of various cultural groups or nations as well as social class es which provide us with a sense of belonging.Likewise, nations are communities which provide a sense of belonging through the individuals feeling of connectedness to his or her fellow men. In other words, individuals deem that they are a part of one collective body, buildly, a comm accord known as nation, which is in situation an idea, defined by Benedict Anderson as an imagined political community (6). The survival of nations depend upon nvention and decease penalty of traditions, histories, symbols which help people sustain their identity.However, it mostly depends on traditions and narration of muniment, which are central elements. Therefore, national history is important in the sense that it narrates the past as a common experience that belongs to a community. It creates one particular version of the past and identity to constitue a common past and a collective identity of any given community. In other words, nations are imaginary communities, to use Benedict Andersons ph rase, and nationalism is ground on the very concept of a unified imaginary community.Furthermore, nations shared territory which they believe they own and therefore have the right to separate from other peoples land by means of borders. As an idea, scholars ordinarily agree that it is Western in origin, that it came into existence with the development of Western capitalism, industrialization and colonial expansion, which paved the look for imperialism. However, starting with the 90s, nationalism, nation and national identity began to lose their significance as the world was becoming progressively international, particularly after the period of decolonization.The concept of nation / nationalism nd national identity as Western ideas stimulated colonized peoples to develop their own sense of nationalism and national identity against the colonial, national identity of the West. However, this anticolonial nationalism could not provide the colonised peoples with a sense of homogeneous national unity due to the diversity of ethnic groups within them, particularly because the elite nationalist rule neglected the petty(prenominal) masses and privileged the elite over the subaltern, which turned nationalism into a rule of elite dominations, as argued by Frantz Fanon in his The Wretched of the Earth.Hence, there emerged from Western capitalism and colonization the concepts of nation and nationalism as indispensible components of imperialist expansion, but failing to bring national liberation to the heterogeneous groups of people in the antecedent colonies despite their opposition to imperialist domination as anticolonial nationalism. Be it colonial or anti-colonial, both are essentialist and racist in the sense that they supported the ruling elite while ignoring the less privileged ethnic groups.The English Patient (hereafter will be cited as EP) is a novel that questions he nation and nationalism that shape identities through colonial and anti-colonial nationalism s. The characters are all exiles from their homeland who have gathered together at the Villa San Girolamo at the end of World War II. Hana is a Canadian nurse, who volunteered for war service and who has to have an miscarriage because the father of her unborn child has been killed.Furthermore, she is on the verge of a nervous breakdown because of the news of her fathers death by burns and her continous dealing with the wounded and the dying. As the Canadian Infantry Division ontinues to advance in Italy, she stays behind at the villa to nurse a dying burnt man who is called the English patient. The third gear member of the villa other than these two is Kip, a Sikh, who is a sapper in the British army and finally, Caravaggio, the thief, an Italian-Canadian who was a booster dose of Hanas father.The novels central figure is the English patient whose identity is already erased as he is burnt beyond recognition. In fact, he is the Hungarian Court Ladislaus de Almasy, a desert explorer who helped the Germans navigate the deserts. Although his duty is to delineate, bring out and in a ense possess the unmapped desert, which is a vast territory, in the end his own identity, which is the map of his own features, has been erased and he is known only as the English patient.In fact, the inhabitants of the Villa are all diplaced because they are exiles who have found new identities in a place other than their homeland. In a sense, they make a new community in the Villa, which is like Eden, isolated from the outside world of war and violence. Since the novel questions colonial and colonial hierarchies, particularly the imperial conception of space/place through the apping of the desert, which is an instrument of colonial domination, and the deserts elusiveness because of its vastness and uncontrollable sand storms.In fact, mapping a space means to name it and possess it as it becomes a place as seized territory, which will help invaders, explorers and traders to realize their plans and aspirations. Almasy is aware of the fact that mapping is a form of knowledge for power and domination The ends of the earth are never the points on a map that colonists push against, enlarging their sphere of influence. On one side servants and slaves and tides of ower and correspondence with the Geographical Society.