Monday, April 1, 2019

The Role Of Accountants In Todays Business Organizations Accounting Essay

The Role Of Accountants In Todays crinkle Organizations Accounting Es reciteIn the other(prenominal) ten years, a signifi mucklet amount of research attendance was foc apply on recognizing, analyzing, contradicting, favoring, and critiquing the changing determinations of accountants. In the past ten years, we witnessed accountants presumptuous supererogatory tasks such as strategy formulation, systems development, organizational re-design and a unhurt lot more. In the 21st century, we pay back seen accountants devoting much less of their while to routine financial analysis, transaction processing, auditing and statutory reporting. The roles of accountants in the transmission line organization organization milieu have exit business oriented.1These changes posed crisis for accountants as the professions credibility has been questioned.2In this paper, we look into the traditionalistic roles of accountants and compargon such to that of the roles of the modern account profes sion. I discuss some ethical concerns binding these roles and express my opinion regarding these changes. This backchat leads to the main point of this paper- the grandness of accountants in todays business environment on with the motives for bran- clean roles of the accountants. Moreover, I alike discuss various sources and types of development acquirable to the accountants and the quality that this information should possess. Information, an increasingly important asset for all business organization, is necessary for accountants to requite these new demands for their expertise.The Roles of AccountantsAccountants looking at dilemma as they face two contrasting roles at the same time. First, they ar seen as watchdogs for gratuity management while they are also seen as helpers of the management. However, the second role seemed to have increased its importance in the recent years and invoice systems was seen as impetus for organizations improvement.3Specifically, the tra ditional roles of accountants overwhelm auditing, managerial account system, and tax revenue accounting. These roles are the more or less canonic functions that accountants are corrected for as early as undergraduate education. On the other hand, the additional or modern roles of accountants are financial planning, business analysis and strategy, engineering planning and consulting. Within these roles, the accountants allot more specified tasks. These are usually assumed in the tangible practice thus skills are acquired in the actual practice.Auditing. This is theoretically, the basic and almost important role of an independent accountant. The tasks of the accountant as an auditor are to check the organizations estimate is in accordance to formulas that are used consistently every year.4However, the importance of auditing as a business process has decrease recently. In a survey done among academicians, practitioners and students, audit preparation sole(prenominal) receiv ed a moderate rank in terms of importance of this task by accountants.5Managerial Accounting. This is usually the role of in-house accountants who act as either controllers or internal auditors. The task of an in-house accountant is to give the most accurate picture of the economic status of the company and to respect the impartiality roughly the report.6Tax Accounting. This is the role of a book keeper or tax preparatory. The tasks of the book keeper include determination and estimation of tax liabilities of the clients whether individual or corporate.7Financial Planning. This is a rising role for accountants. The demand for this new role is brought about by their knowledge and expertise on taxation laws and financial investment markets.8Additional tasks under this role include performing due diligence, organizing share-holder meetings, supervising cash management and payroll handling.9Business Planning and Strategy. This is the role of accountants to translate raw financial num bers into operating(a) business information. Project accounting and knowledge management are also additional tasks under this new role for accountants. Under this role, accountants guide managers and business owners to improve productivity and maximize profitability.10Technology Planning. With the automation of various business processes, accountants also become involved in development and implementation of new information systems. Now, owners and managers entrust on accountants to choose the most suitable technology solutions for financial and business management.11Consulting. Accountants also become consultants for financial management, income distri neverthelession, accounting and auditing functions as well.12The Key Drivers of Role ChangesIt has been make clear in the literature that the roles of accounting have changed in the recent years and these changes are expected to come about. The roles of accounting shifted from information provision to extended information facilitat ion. Specifically, this shift in roles made accountants from book keeping, data analysis, and tax preparation into much wider range of duties in management.13This is to say that the roles of accountants shifted into business oriented or entrepreneurial roles. This shift is brought about by the following key drivers changes in business market conditions, re-designing organization, new managerial philosophies, more complex business processes, systems development, innovations in management techniques, and humankind resource development.14Because of these key drivers, changes in the roles of accountants are more likely to continue in at least a nonher ten years. No interminable bounded by numbers and formulas, accountants can feel free and rely on their seminal and strategic side.The Challenge for AccountantsAccountants give always be as important to business enterprises today. While others argue that change in orientation of accountant is a blow to the credibility of the profession , I call back this is rather a challenge that accountants need to glorify. Business oriented or entrepreneurial roles for accountants call for additional skills in these fields. In ordinate to progress to credibility a come across, as others claim that the profession has lost it, accountants should master these additional fields to be considered experts of the field. Hence, this does them not mere practitioners of these new fields but experts as well.This is a call to the accounting education research to inhabit more on these additional fields so accountants whitethorn gain more in sights as to how these fields may be associated intemperately with the traditional accounting practices. This is also a call to the academe to train the aspiring accountants to be flexible and well rounded ones in order to for them to satisfy the demands that awaits them in the actual practice. This is also a call for students to be open minded and be willing to accept these changing roles not as ins ults but rather a challenge and opportunity to become more significant in todays business environment. Lastly, this is a call for apprised and practicing accountants to get out of numbers and formulas and be willing to use their creative minds to do more analysis and strategizing- and more opportunities that may prove that accountants can satisfy the demands of the present business environment to them without sacrificing of course, the core ethics of the traditional accounting profession. Accountants should hold on traditional ethics and look upons. It is the roles, skills, and practice that will change and re-oriented.Sources and Quality of Accounting InformationMoreover, in order to satisfy the present demands for accountants, information is also a necessary. Now, information is a zippy resource for the survival of all contemporary business organizations. It has become of the basic and most important resource for business intelligence and achievement of rivalrous advantage. In this section, I discuss the sources of information and the quality of this information take by accountants.In everyday business, various types and quantities on information hunt down to decision makers and users to meet internal organizational needs. The sources of information for the accountant may come from any of the components of information flow system within an organization. These include top management sources, middle management sources, trading operations management sources and operations personnel sources. This information flow is an exchange of performance information, day-to-day operations information and budget information and instructions.15Moreover, in order to be useful, accounting information should have each of the following qualities at a stripped degreeUnderstandability. Accounting information should be comprehensive and understandable to users who have reasonable knowledge of business and economic activities and economic information. This quality serves as a link amid decision makers and the accounting information at hand.Decision Usefulness. Decision usefulness is also a qualitative mark needed to judge quality of accounting information. This is dependent on the availableness of information and ability of the user to process the information for it to be used in decision making.Relevance. Accounting information should also be pertinent in order to help the user of information analyze the outcomes of the past and present and predict the outcome of the future events according to prior expectations. In order to be relevant, the information must have predictive and feedback value and timeliness.Reliability. Accounting information will also be useful if it is reliable. This is to say that information must be free from error and bias hence presenting faithfully what is intended to be presented.Verifiability. Accounting information must also be verifiable for measures to agree with the selected order without error or bias. validation is useful in reducing measure bias because the same method can be used to repeat measurements to reduce intentional and ignorant errors.Comparability and Consistency. Lastly, accounting information must be comparable because information becomes more useful when compared with information from other companies. This allows accountants to identify and explain similarities and differences between two or more economic facts.16

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